Now that the summer is over and the tan is slowly wearing off, some of us face more visibly Hyperpigmentation or Melasma.
Dark spots or patches on your skin which can be based on either hyperpigmentation or melasma. However, these are two different skin conditions. That’s why we have some points gathered to help you determine their differences and how you can treat them.
Hyperpigmentation displays areas of uneven pigmentation in the skin. It can make your skin look uneven based on sun damage and is described as age or sun spots. Hyperpigmentation is also the umbrella term for Melasma, Post-Inflammatory Hyperpigmentation (the marks left on your skin after the odd breakout) and Periorbital Hyperpigmentation (usually described as dark circles and can be inherited).
Melasma, also known as Chloasma when occurring during pregnancy, is a type of Hyperpigmentation that appears more frequently in women. It is thought to be caused by changes in hormone levels as well as sun damage. This results in dark patches on the face that haven’t been there previously.
An increased melanin production, the pigment that is giving your skin its colour, is the cause behind the discolouration.
Treatment of Hyperpigmentation
To treat melasma, Hyperpigmentation or any type of skin concern we ALWAYS recommend that you consult with a dermatologist to determine if there is an underlying medical condition that requires medication. Also, seeking advice in person for the best-tailored treatment is important as not everyone’s skin is the same.
See the displayed recommendations as hints on what to look out for on your skin journey.
In the end, it is fairly simple and perhaps too clear that sunscreen can help prevent a lot of skin-related issues and yes, Hyperpigmentation and Melasma are two of these. Easily targeted with daily SPF application can get you a long way without the additional cost that comes into play when you are already in a pickle trying to save the damage that has been done already.
All other mentioned Active Ingredients can be incorporated into your skincare regime. These should be used accordingly to their description and your skin condition. Applying these after you have washed your face, right before your moisturizer and SPF can do the trick.
Facial Exercises and Massages will give you the additional benefit that your skin will absorb your skincare better and have it work more efficiently due to the promoted blood circulation and the warmth of your hands.
A word on Hydroquinone when treating Hyperpigmentation
Hydroquinone should be only used accompanied by your treating doctor. It is still unclear how safe it is for permanent use on the skin.
It works by destroying the cells that produce melanin and pigmentation. We all know that ‘destroying’ is never the best word when it comes to the context of your body & health. Some evidence claims that Hydroquinone is irritating to the skin and might even work carcinogen.